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INAF and technology

Every time a large telescope pushes its gaze beyond the limits of the known horizon, our horizon also broadens. And every time a satellite explores the remotest corners of the Universe, something is left on the Earth. Something that concerns our daily lives: new technologies, materials, original solutions to every day problems.

This is because, from Galileo's first telescopes to the Hubble Space Telescope, astrophysics has always been thirsty for technology and innovative materials. Technology and materials at the limit of what is possible, not commercially available, to be conceived and developed from scratch. Technology and materials - like the digital processing of images or foams with shape memory - that have radically improved not just our way of doing science, but also the quality of our lives.

Astrophysics and space research today, cover, for Europe and the entire world, a strategic role of incommensurable value. They are the sector that works as a cohesive element, allowing  joint discussions on platforms for civil security, organisation of defense systems, environmentally sensitive issues, the development of future transport systems and new frontiers in the field of energy.

The "Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica" is aware of this. Developing and using, every day, cutting-edge instruments for the observation of the Universe, from the ground and space, it has always considered the development of innovative technologies an absolute priority.

The development and construction of projects and experiments for astrophysical research has allowed the bodies of the institute to acquire a level of excellence and know-how that is an international bench-mark in a considerable number of technological sectors: certainly precision optics, but also electronics, telecommunications, computing, microwaves and millimetre waves, mechanics, environmental control, medicine, security, energy and even cultural heritage. These areas represent, for INAF, the motivation for its chosen path within the landscape of innovation and transfer of technology.

It is a logical consequence that cutting-edge technology developed for astrophysical experiments from the ground and space should have positive repercussions for our every day life and the economy of the country. This is the aim of INAF's Technological Innovation Service: to scout for technologies developed for astrophysics with an eye to transferring them to existing businesses and encourage the growth of new spin-off industries in sectors able to absorb the results of the research. These are the two directions that INAF has established and taken in its transfer of technology program. There are already concrete examples of applications, patents and spin-off companies created thanks to INAF research.

Below, the principal sectors of technological activity of INAF are listed.

A “cosmic microscope” reveals the origin of galactic winds produced by supermassive black holes

Dec 17, 2020

A “cosmic microscope” reveals the origin of galactic winds produced by supermassive black holes By studying a sample of distant galaxies, whose light reaches us from a cosmic epoch when the Universe was just three billion years old, a team of researchers led by Giustina Vietri (INAF) has followed the winds blowing in “active” galaxies down to only a few light-years from the supermassive black holes that sit in the galactic cores

INAF joins the MeerKAT+ Project

Dec 17, 2020

INAF joins the MeerKAT+ Project The South African Radio Astronomy Observatory and the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft welcome the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica as partner on the MeerKAT extension project

A new class of Einstein crosses unveiled

Dec 13, 2020

A new class of Einstein crosses unveiled An international team of astronomers has found a new class of Einstein crosses, where massive elliptical galaxies produces multiple, cross-shaped images of far away galaxies called “blue nuggets”