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INAF and technology

Every time a large telescope pushes its gaze beyond the limits of the known horizon, our horizon also broadens. And every time a satellite explores the remotest corners of the Universe, something is left on the Earth. Something that concerns our daily lives: new technologies, materials, original solutions to every day problems.

This is because, from Galileo's first telescopes to the Hubble Space Telescope, astrophysics has always been thirsty for technology and innovative materials. Technology and materials at the limit of what is possible, not commercially available, to be conceived and developed from scratch. Technology and materials - like the digital processing of images or foams with shape memory - that have radically improved not just our way of doing science, but also the quality of our lives.

Astrophysics and space research today, cover, for Europe and the entire world, a strategic role of incommensurable value. They are the sector that works as a cohesive element, allowing  joint discussions on platforms for civil security, organisation of defense systems, environmentally sensitive issues, the development of future transport systems and new frontiers in the field of energy.

The "Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica" is aware of this. Developing and using, every day, cutting-edge instruments for the observation of the Universe, from the ground and space, it has always considered the development of innovative technologies an absolute priority.

The development and construction of projects and experiments for astrophysical research has allowed the bodies of the institute to acquire a level of excellence and know-how that is an international bench-mark in a considerable number of technological sectors: certainly precision optics, but also electronics, telecommunications, computing, microwaves and millimetre waves, mechanics, environmental control, medicine, security, energy and even cultural heritage. These areas represent, for INAF, the motivation for its chosen path within the landscape of innovation and transfer of technology.

It is a logical consequence that cutting-edge technology developed for astrophysical experiments from the ground and space should have positive repercussions for our every day life and the economy of the country. This is the aim of INAF's Technological Innovation Service: to scout for technologies developed for astrophysics with an eye to transferring them to existing businesses and encourage the growth of new spin-off industries in sectors able to absorb the results of the research. These are the two directions that INAF has established and taken in its transfer of technology program. There are already concrete examples of applications, patents and spin-off companies created thanks to INAF research.

Below, the principal sectors of technological activity of INAF are listed.

Thanks to the HARPS-N spectrograph, the TNG can see Venus

Feb 10, 2017

Thanks to the HARPS-N spectrograph, the TNG can see Venus TThe HARPS-N spectrograph succeeded in measuring from the Earth the velocity of the clouds in the atmosphere of Venus thanks to its high precision, competing with the Japanese Akatsuki probe, which has recently begun to study the atmosphere of the second planet.

The X-ray Universe 2017

Feb 03, 2017

The X-ray Universe 2017 The symposium (Rome, 6-9 June 2017) is the fifth meeting in the series of the international symposia "The X-ray Universe". The intention is to gather a general collection of research in high energy astrophysics. The symposium will provide a showcase for results, discoveries and expectations from current and future X-ray missions.

IXPE mission: Italy and NASA for new X-ray astronomy

Jan 21, 2017

IXPE mission: Italy and NASA for new X-ray astronomy NASA has announced that it is funding a new mission to study the high-energy Universe: it will be called IXPE (Imaging X-Ray Polarimetry Explorer) and will allow astronomers to explore with unprecedented details some of the most extreme astronomic objects, including stellar and supermassive black holes, neutron stars and pulsars. The mission, scheduled for the end of 2020, will count on a considerable Italian contribution through the Italian Space Agency(ASI), the National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN) and the National Institute of Astrophysics (INAF).