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Bolometers

These thermal receivers for the far-infrared and millimetre bands have demonstrated their efficiency in the new generation of CMB experiments and continuum observationsat millimetre and sub-millimetre wavelengths. The technology used is fundamental in the maintenance of the level of excellence of the Italian scientific community in CMB studies and in the development of the sub-millimetre sector. These detectors can easily be replicated to make large mosaics for detailed studies of the microwave background, the mm/sub-mm radiation emitted by our galaxy and extragalactic sources. They can also have applications in non-invasive diagnostic medicine, artificial vision in adverse environmental conditions, non-invasive security controls and nuclear non-proliferation checks.