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Dynamics of the photosphere and chromosphere

The motions of the surface plasma of the Sun are a possible source of excitation for the Alfvén waves that, propagating through the chromosphere towards the corona, contribute to the heating of the upper layers of the solar atmosphere via the dissipation of the energy
they carry. In recent years there has also been a gradual re-evaluation of the role of the chromosphere as a fundamental interface region between the photosphere, where surface convection dominates and drives the structure of the magnetic field, and the corona, where the magnetic field determines the structure of the plasma in an essentially "force free" situation. In the field of photospheric and chromospheric studies the community of solar physicists has proposed the construction of the first Italian heliospheric mission (ADAHELI – ADvanced Astronomy for HELIophysics), with the feasibility study financed by ASI and currently awaiting funding for the successive phases. In this area, the ISODY instrument has been proposed, composed of a 40 cm Gregorian telescope and a focalplane suite, including a spectropolarimetric channel for the observation of photospheric and chromospheric lines using a double Fabry-Perot interferometer, a broad-band channel and an image stabilising system.

Light in Astronomy 2017

Nov 14, 2017

Light in Astronomy 2017 Light in Astronomy, organized by INAF in collaboration with the Italian Astronomical Society-SAIt, will be a week (13-19 November) dedicated to satisfying curiosity about the Universe thanks to the opening in Italy of INAF premises, including the astronomical observatories.

Marsis radar reveals that on Mars all that echoes is not ice

Oct 28, 2017

Marsis radar reveals that on Mars all that echoes is not ice The low dielectric constant of the Meridiani Planum deposits is consistent with a thick layer of ice-free, porous, basaltic sand. This study is fundamental to identify techniques that may help find the planet’s areas with accessible water ice.

A 3D step towards sorting out the Gamma-Ray Bursts zoo

Oct 13, 2017

A 3D step towards sorting out the Gamma-Ray Bursts zoo A powerful tool for characterizing and classifying gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) to allow their use as tracers of the expansion history of the universe has recently been presented by an international team of researchers led by Dr. Maria Dainotti